How is it treated?

Controlling blood glucose level, exercise, cessation of smoking and treatment of high blood pressure and high cholesterol are important to prevent development and progression of diabetic retinopathy / maculopathy.

After investigations with Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) and OCT of the macula, Laser photocoagulation and Intravitreal Injection therapy are the mainstay of treatments for more severe diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy.

Diabetes & Vein Occlusion
What is it?

Impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes mellitus can cause metabolic disturbance to the retina, retinal haemorrhages and leakage of fluids and proteins from the fragile retinal blood vessels (Diabetic Retinopathy & Diabetic Maculopathy).

Untreated, complications such as cataract, glaucoma, retinal detachment could develop and lead to vision impairment.

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