Macular Degeneration
What is it?

Typically increases with age, macular degeneration causes painless and slowly progressive central vision loss from degeneration of the cells (retinal pigment epithelium) in the macula, a small central area of the retina in the back of the eye.

Dry macular degeneration is the earlier formwith gradual accumulation of 'wear and tear' effects in the macula.

Wet macular degeneration is the more severe form which can cause sudden vision loss from development of new fragile blood vessels under the macula causing leakages, haemorrhages, swellings and detachments.


 

How is it treated?

Investigations such as Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) and OCT of the macula may be required for detailed analysis of the layers of the retina.

Recommended Dietary changes include increased green leafy vegetables and coloured fruits, fish and omega oil tablets, nuts and multivitamin tablets rich in vitamins A, C, E, Zinc, Selenium and Beta-carotene. Lifestyle changes could include protective sunglasses and hat, quit smoking and controlling high blood pressure and cholesterols.

For wet macular degeneration, additional treatments using a combination of Laser photocoagulation, Photodynamic therapy (Visudyne) and Intravitreal Anti-VEGF injection therapy may be required.

More information is available at Macular Disease Foundation website.


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